National Institute Of Health | Everything You Need To know
You have probably heard of the National Institute of Health (NIH). It is one of the most reputable institutes of Pakistan. Being a health sector, it has been providing its services for over 40 years. They carry out various activities regarding multidisciplinary public health like research and then developing various vaccines like Rabies vaccine, Typhoid, measles vaccine, and more.
Spare some time to read this article below if you want to enhance your knowledge about your country. So let’s dive in!
Short History Of NIH
In 1965 the NIH was known as National Health center and was operating at Islamabad. The Director’s management of Nutrition Surveys & other health research organizations were transferred to the NHC. Subsequently, all these independently functioning departments were combined and appointed as National Health Laboratories (NHL) Islamabad.
Since its emergence as an independent organization, the National Institute of Health has made exceptional strides in many areas. Such as laboratory analysis, biological production, drug quality control, research, and training opportunities. Along with field investigations of contagious diseases, including etiology and epidemiology. NIH also focused on the development of human resources. Read more about banana nutrition.
With the growing number of diseases and epidemics like coronavirus, the role of the Institute has become more important than ever. However, NIH is dedicated to face these challenges. Also, the NIH has recently been nominated as the National Institute of Public Health with a more extensive mandate to monitor diseases.
Functions Performed By National Institute Of Health
Under the 1980 ordinance, the NIH is obliged to perform:
- After proper research on a particular disease, NIH is required to advise Federal Govt to take action to control the disease.
- The institute starts functioning on the proposals approved by Federal Govt.
- It develops advanced techniques for the research of common diseases in the country.
- It eliminates these techniques to people working in the field by conducting training courses.
- It develops the institute of torrid diseases for research & training and the National Virus Reference Center.
- National Institute of Health controls the atmosphere regarding air pollution, water contamination, and food infection.
- They do a proper analysis of the drugs and medicines according to section 22 & its subsection 5 of the Drugs Act, 1976.
- Provides training in drug examination and cooperates with the WHO to maintain a check and balance of drugs.
- The institute serves as a vaccine and immunotoxin manufacturer for prophylactic and therapeutic purposes and can meet domestic and foreign requirements.
- They direct the federal government to collaborate with international agencies such as the WHO and the Food & Agriculture Org to promote food quality and pure food regulations.
- Working as a means to provide small laboratory animals for research on agreed terms and conditions and use in other fields.
NIH Participation In Global Diseases Control Programs
The NIH has taken several initiatives and participated in many programs with the help of international organizations and helped them to control global epidemics and diseases.
- Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (FELTP): A mutual initiative of the NIH, MoNHSR&C, and the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention and the USA. It aims to strengthen the national capability of disease monitoring and outbreak recognition.
- National TB Control Program: NTP is an identical program of the National Institute of Health and stands as one of the public health programs towards achieving the MDG targets in 2015. It aims to raise awareness of the rising cases of TB cases and maintains the medication success rate of treatment from 91% from 2013 to 2020. It strengthens the scope for the programmatic and operational management of this Program and increases public sector support for TB control by 2020.
- National AIDS Control Program: It was started in 1986-87. Pakistan has managed the acknowledgment to the HIV epidemic through the cooperation between the NACP, AJK AIDS control programs, UN agencies, etc. The program aims to strengthen HIV transmission, blood transfusion, staff training, and institutional framework, and prevent the sexual transmission of diseases.
- Malaria Control Program: Malaria is unexpected in Pakistan especially in the monsoon. Pakistan is facing adverse conditions such as poor human immunity, lack of facilities, relocation of people from Pakistan to Iran and Afghanistan, natural disasters, etc. Therefore, the purpose of this program is to plan, implement, manage, and provide technical and administrative assistance in malaria prevention. It also ensures practical decisions and spread awareness to prevent malaria.
- Antimicrobial Resistance Program: It is also a major crisis of the world including Pakistan. It joined the international support of The AMR Global Action Plan in 2015. The dedication led to a plan to overcome antimicrobial resistance (2016) and an operational AMR National Action Plan (2017).
Hopefully, after reading this blog you will get all the required information regarding Pakistan’s reputable National Institute of Health.