SCHOOL EDUCATION IN KARNATAKA
WHY it is interesting to Find and know about SCHOOL EDUCATION IN KARNATAKA?
Let me explain what education is first.
School Education in Karnataka. It is a name of process in which we give systematic instructions to someone about any topic; education is mostly gain at schools, colleges, and universities.
But in actual means education is far beyond that we just earning degrees and obviously it is more than the knowledge that you gain from books. Education of the modern era consists of ethical behavior, moral values, positive attitude, and thinking, will of helping others, the attitude of changing society and giving it national values. So kinds of students who possess this kind of qualities are only able to bring changes in society.
Although Education has three main types:
3-Non Formal Education
The importance of Education can be analyzed by seeing the huge difference of poor and developed countries. It is very much important for all of us to have a proper and good education and it is also a very long process of achieving knowledge, values, skills, beliefs, and moral habits. Education facilitates us in quality decision making through learning life among people of any age group, caste, creed, religion, and region.
Education in Karnataka:
Sometime pronounces as Kanada, A name of state or place located in India (western coast of subcontinent), before achieving the independence of India in 1947, It’s previous name is Mysore or Mysuru, which reflects the pronunciation in Kannada is from the Sanskrit word for “buffalo town,” as Karnataka formerly was called Mysore. It derives from the destruction of the buffalo-demon Mahishasura by the goddess Chamunda, according to the local citizens Karnataka was gained by fighting with the demons.
Mysore was a prosperous but landlocked princely state but now having a population 61,130,704 as per 2011 surveys. It had an area of less than 78,000 square km on the Karnataka Plateau but then the transfer of population in territories of the state in between 1953 and 1956 not just cause the state to raise boundaries to the sea, but also it greatly extended its parameters for people to settle. The state Kannada word means is “lofty land,” which now has an area 74,051 square miles means 191,791 square km.
Karnataka is totally surrounded by the five states which are Goa, Maharashtra, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala. The state capital is Bengaluru (Bangalore), located near the southeastern border.
School Education in Karnataka
The state has a large number of schools and educational institutions, but Mangalore is known as an education hub. Best engineering, medical and pre Universities are in Mangalore. Karnataka with a literacy rate that has reached about two-thirds by the early 21st century, in Karnataka there are 10,000 schools with 1 lac teachers and 1.4 million students approximately keeping the literacy rate higher than any other national average, because of this area has one of the most highly educated populations in whole India.
How Educational Institutes Run
Half of the institutes are managed by the government; and the local NGOs.
There are private, unaided schools; semi-government coaching’s also available but compulsory free primary education is provided in most towns and villages of Karnataka.
Among all institutes, school education in Karnataka has spread by the oldest but most prominent institutions of higher learning whose names are given below:
1-The Indian Institute of Science
3-University of Agricultural Sciences
4-University of Mysore
Karnataka keeps a very rich cultural heritage, compounded by the contributions of successive dynasties because the population belongs to multiple religions and the predominant religion of the state is Hinduism then Jainism and Buddhism. While minorities of the state occupy very small portions of the whole area follow Islam and Christianity. Minorities do not get their basic rights as majorities.
The Karnataka is distributed among more than twenty-four districts, and further, they are grouped into four divisions. Such as each district has been run by a deputy commissioner, who also recognize as the district magistrate or collector by the native peoples. There are several levels of administrative units below the district level.
Problems faced by the state in spreading school education in Karnataka:
When the questioned is asked to state government by one of news reporter about school education in Karnataka then he said that Karnataka has a policy of hiring only regular teachers with necessary minimum educational qualification but instead of that government schools are running under-staffed, apart from shortage of teachers and teacher absenteeism the school building has worst infrastructure, electricity crises, and other shortages of basic resources.
Their young generation which remained unable to afford the expenses of private schools as children coming from poorer households backgrounds with less education and resources moves towards to get admission in a government school at least because they believe getting an education is their basic right and the only way to contribute in the prosperity of the country. Although their government schools do not have the needed teaching staffs they are trying best to combat the acute shortage of teachers.
Besides these issues when their government hired quality teachers then they do not have a good quantity of students attending the class which let the teachers to lose motivation and focus.
State Department of Karnataka is taking steps to increase the strength of quality teachers in town and now hiring guest teachers also, still the state has a shortage of about one forth teachers who do not fulfill needed educational and professional qualifications. Teachers not needed there who only know about educational theories but also must have strong command over the subject and practical implementations, because the teachers with excellent skills would be able to learn and understand the issues of students. They will make the students to meet the requirements of modern education and exposure of it and hence students will get much-needed support from the teacher and school which they do not have till yet.